# Delmar’s Standard Textbook of Electricity 6th Edition

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## Book Preface

Intended Use Delmar’s Standard Textbook of Electricity, 6th edition, is intended for students in electrical trade programs at high schools and community colleges, as well as those in industry training. It assumes that the reader has had no prior knowledge of electricity but also provides enough comprehensive coverage to be used as a reference tool for experienced electricians.

Subject and Approach The content itself is presented as a blend of the practical and theoretical. It not only explains the different concepts relating to electrical theory but also provides many practical examples of how to do many of the common tasks the industrial electrician must perform. An extensive art program containing full color photographs and line drawings, as well as the inclusion of practical exercises for the student, also serve to further clarify theoretical concepts.

Design of Text The subject matter has been divided into 35 separate units—each designed to “stand alone.” The “stand-alone” concept permits the information to be presented in almost any sequence the instructor desires, as teaching techniques vary from one instructor to another. The information is also presented in this manner to allow students and instructors quick reference on a particular subject.
Math Level The math level has been kept to basic algebra and trigonometry, and Appendix B contains a section of electrical formulas—all divided into groups that are related to a particular application. Unit 15 of the text provides an introduction to basic trigonometry and vectors for those students weak in the subject.

A Note about Calculations Delmar’s Standard Textbook of Electricity, 6th edition, like all other scientific texts, contains numerous mathematical equations and calculations. Students often become concerned if their answers to problems are not exactly the same as the solutions given in the text. The primary reason for a discrepancy is the rounding off of values. Different scientific calculators carry out numbers to different places, depending on the manufacturer and model. Some calculators carry numbers to 8 places, some to 10 places, and some to 12 places. There may also be times when numbers that are reentered into the calculator are carried to only 2 or 3 decimal places of accuracy. For example, the numbers shown below will be multiplied with a calculator that carries numbers out to 8 places of accuracy:

The same problem will again be multiplied, but this time each answer will be reentered before it is multiplied by the next number. Each time the answer is reentered, it will be rounded off to 3 places after the decimal. If the fourth number after the decimal is 5 or greater, the third decimal place will be rounded up. If the fourth number is less than 5, it will be rounded down.

The same set of numbers will again be multiplied, but this time each answer will be reentered after rounding off the number to one place after the decimal. The answer is 14.617100. Notice that all three answers are different, but all three are essentially correct. The most accurate answer is 14.577480, and the least accurate answer is 14.617100. Although these answers may look substantially different, they are within approximately 1% of each other. Another consideration is problems that contain multiple steps. The more steps it takes to solve a problem, the more chance there is for inaccuracy. In most instances in this text, the answers were left in the display of the calculator, which permits the greatest degree of accuracy. When numbers had to be re-entered, they were taken to 3 places of accuracy. When you work a problem in this text and your answer is different, consider the degree of difference before concluding that your answer is incorrect.

New to this Edition The sixth edition of Delmar’s Standard Textbook of Electricity continues to remain true to the comprehensive nature and visually appealing style that are its trademark features but will now offer more emphasis on the practical approach to electrical theory. New to this edition:

Coverage of AC servo motors
Coverage of AC torque motors
Updated photographs
Extended coverage of motor nameplate data
Extended coverage of RL time constants
Extended coverage of AC waveforms

“Electrical Occupations” contains information about electrical personnel, building codes, and solar and wind energy.
Features of The Text “Safety Overview” At the beginning of Section I, Safety Overview provides information on general safety rules, personal protective equipment, potential job hazards, lock-out/tagout procedures, GFCI, Grounding—and more! Students are acquainted with the all important safety concerns applicable to working in a lab and on the work site.

“Cautions” Author highlights text where students should be aware of potential risks in working with various types of electrical equipment.