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Tonal Harmony 8th Edition

Tonal Harmony 8th Edition PDF

Author: Stefan Kostka Tonal Harmony and Dorothy Payne Tonal Harmony

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education


Publish Date: February 13, 2017

ISBN-10: 125944709X

Pages: 704

File Type: PDF

Language: English

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Book Preface

Tonal Harmony with an Introduction to Post-Tonal Music is intended for a two-year course in music theory/harmony. It offers a clear and thorough introduction to the resources and practice of Western music from the seventeenth century to the present day. Its concise, one-volume format and flexible approach make the book usable in a broad range of theory curricula.


The text provides students with a comprehensive but accessible and highly practical set of tools for the understanding of music. Actual musical practice is emphasized more than rules or prohibitions. Principles are explained and illustrated, and exceptions are noted. In its presentation of harmonic procedures, the text introduces students to the most common vocal and instrumental textures encountered in tonal music. Traditional fourpart chorale settings are used to introduce many concepts, but three-part instrumental and vocal textures are also presented in illustrations and drill work, along with a variety of keyboard styles. To encourage the correlation of writing and performing skills, we have included musical examples in score and reduced-score formats, as well as appendices on instrumental ranges and transpositions and lead-sheet symbols. Some of the assignments ask the student to write for small ensembles suitable for performance in class. Instructors may modify these assignments to make them most appropriate for their particular situations.

Pedagogical Features

The text employs a variety of techniques to clarify underlying voice leading, harmonic structure, counterpoint, and formal procedures. These include textural reductions, accompanying many of the examples, which highlight underlying voice leading. Our goal has been to elucidate tonal logic at the phrase and section level, as well as from one chord to the next. Abundant musical illustrations, many with commentaries, serve as a springboard for class discussion and individual understanding. Similarly, exercises in tonal counterpoint allow students to observe the workings of basic principles of melodic combination in relation to typical outer-voice textures in tonal compositions.

The book provides an extensive series of review material. A large portion of the text is devoted to Self-Tests, consisting of student graded drills in chord spelling, part writing, and analysis, with suggested answers given in Appendix D. The Self-Tests can be used for in-class drill and discussion, in preparation for the Workbook exercises, or for independent study. Periodic Checkpoints enable students to gauge their understanding of the preceding material. Chapter summaries highlight the key points of each chapter. A glossary of the bolded terms found throughout the text is also included.


Part One (Chapters 1–4) begins the text with two chapters that provide a thorough but concise overview of the fundamentals of music, divided into one chapter each on pitch and rhythm. These chapters may be assigned in reverse order, if desired, except for the review questions in Chapter 2. Chapters 3 and 4 introduce the student to triads and seventh chords in various inversions and textures and places them in their tonal contexts.

Part Two (Chapters 5–13) opens with two chapters on the principles of voice leading, with practice limited to root position triads. Chapter 7 follows with a systematic discussion of normative harmonic progressions. Subsequent chapters deal with triads in inversion (Chapters 8 and 9), basic elements of musical form (Chapter 10), counterpoint (Chapters 11 and 12), and nonchord tones (Chapters 12 and 13).

Part Three (Chapters 14–15) is devoted entirely to diatonic seventh chords, moving from the dominant seventh in root position and inversion (Chapter 14) through the supertonic and leading-tone sevenths to the remaining diatonic seventh chords (Chapter 15).

Part Four begins the study of chromaticism with secondary functions (Chapters 16–17)and modulation (Chapters 18–19), concluding in Chapter 20 with a discussion of larger musical forms. Chromaticism continues to be the main topic in Part Five (Chapters 21–25), which covers mode mixture, the Neapolitan, augmented sixth chords, enharmonicism, and other elements. The final chapter of this section concentrates upon harmony in the late nineteenth century.

Part Six (Chapters 26–28) provides a substantial introduction to post-tonal music, beginning, in Chapter 26, with a survey of scales, chord structures, voice leading, and aspects of rhythm. Chapter 27 discusses the basics of atonal theory, including pitch-class sets, twelve-tone serialism, and total serialism. Appendix C, a list of set-classes, is a useful supplement to this chapter. More recent developments, such as indeterminacy, minimalism, and electronic and computer music, are discussed in the final chapter.

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