Social Psychology, 7th Edition
When revising a textbook, the authors always seek to build on the strengths of the prior editions and introduce new material reflecting developments in the field and changes in our larger society, while maintaining thorough coverage of the subject covered by the book. As in past editions, we seek to cover the full range of phenomena of interest to social psychologists. Not only do we address intrapsychic processes in detail, but we also cover social interaction and group processes of larger-scale phenomena, such as intergroup conflict and social movements. Our goal in writing this book is, as it has always been, to describe contemporary social psychology and to present the theoretical concepts and research findings that make up this broad and fascinating field. We have drawn on work by a wide array of social psychologists, including those with sociological and psychologicalperspectives, drawing on both classic works and more recent studies. Throughout the book we have used the results of empirical researchâ€”surveys, experiments, observational and qualitative studies, and meta-analysesâ€”to illustrate this wide range of social psychological ideas.
NEW TO THIS EDITION
Beyond the goals that have characterized every edition of this textbook, we have undertaken a major challenge in the seventh edition: producing a consolidated and streamlined text designed to better fit the introductory social psychology courses taught by the many users of this text. In response to the many thoughtful reviews provided by readers and instructors, we have shifted from a 20-chapter presentation to 15 chapters, with an appendix that introduces the research methods most often used in social psychological researchâ€”in psychology, in sociology, and by researchers in other fields who study social psychology topics. Instructors who have used prior editions may wish for some assistance locating the topics in the reorganization of the text. First, in order to further emphasize the continuous nature of socialization from birth to death, we have combined childhood socialization, adult socialization, and the life course perspective (previously covered in Chapters 3 and 17) into an extensive treatment in Chapter 2, â€œSocialization through the Life Course.â€
Second, we have combined the two chapters focused heavily on the self, â€œSelf and Identityâ€ (previously Chapter 4) and â€œSelf-Presentation and Impression Managementâ€ (previously Chapter 9) into a single chapter now called â€œSelf and Self-Presentationâ€ (Chapter 3). Many instructors have, in fact, used these chapters in tandem and thus we have organized the new chapter to smoothly guide students through all of this related material.
Third, we have combined the treatments of altruism and aggression (previously Chapters 11 and 12) into a single chapter (10). This new chapter probably represents the single largest change in the seventh edition because not only does it combine two chapters, it reorganizes the material around a series of common questions about both pro-social and anti-social behavior designed to help students understand how the two are related to each other, and the ways in which they are not. Thus, rather than a sequential presentation of altruism and then aggression, the updated text encourages an integrated treatment of the two topics.
Fourth, users of the sixth edition will also notice there is no longer a standalone chapter on emotion. Although the study of emotion and the recognition of the importance of emotion in so many social psychological processes has grown immensely over the past two decades, we have chosen in this edition toÂ integrate the material about emotion throughout the text and attach it to theother core topics, rather than segregating this material in a separate chapter. Finally, research methods has been moved to an appendix in recognition of many instructorsâ€™ desire to move more quickly into the substance of social psychology. Thus, the text now introduces key theoretical perspectives on social psychology (Chapter 1) and then allows the instructors and students to immediately begin applying these perspectives in the very next chapter on socialization (Chapter 2). The Research Methods Appendix can be incorporated into the course as a stand-alone chapter at any point in the progression of chaptersâ€”at the beginning, middle, or end of the course.
In revising the text, we also sought to streamline the text within chapters as well. The field of social psychology is truly immense and although we always seek to make truly judicious choices in our decisions to include studies and theoreticalideas, the growing social psychology literature has a tendency to make the book larger and larger over its iterations. The seventh edition gave us an opportunity to step back and do some needed yet careful pruning, producing what we hope is a more compact, yet still comprehensive presentation of social psychology. The revision was not just an exercise in cutting, however! The seventh edition also contains updated data throughout the book, new boxes providing research updates and â€œtest yourselfâ€ opportunities, and an increased emphasis on diverse populations and their experiences. As in the past, we have made a special effort to incorporate research that reports differences among participants who vary on race, gender, and sexual orientation, but of course are limited by what is available, and point out these limitations.
Chapter 1 Introduction to Social Psychology 1
Chapter 2 Socialization through the Life Course 22
Chapter 3 Self and Self-Presentation 64
Chapter 4 Social Perception and Cognition 115
Chapter 5 Attitudes 144
Chapter 6 Symbolic Communication and Language 166
Chapter 7 Social Influence and Persuasion 197
Chapter 8 Altruism and Aggression 221
Chapter 9 Interpersonal Attraction and Relationships 245
Chapter 10 Group Cohesion and Conformity 276
Chapter 11 Group Structure and Performance 298
Chapter 12 Intergroup Conflict 325
Chapter 13 Social Structure and Personality 346
Chapter 14 Deviant Behavior and Social Reaction 378
Chapter 15 Collective Behavior and Social Movements 410
APPENDIX: RESEARCH METHODS IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 436
NAME INDEX 556
SUBJECT INDEX 577
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