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MCAT Biochemistry Review 2023-2024: Online + Book



MCAT Biochemistry Review 2023-2024: Online + Book PDF

Author: Kaplan Test Prep

Publisher: Kaplan Test Prep

Genres:

Publish Date: July 5, 2022

ISBN-10: 1506282911

Pages: 552

File Type: Epub

Language: English

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Book Preface

Kaplan MCAT Biochemistry Review, and the other six books in the Kaplan MCAT Review series, bring the Kaplan classroom experience to you—right in your home, at your convenience. This book offers the same Kaplan content review, strategies, and practice that make Kaplan the #1 choice for MCAT prep.

This book is designed to help you review the biochemistry topics covered on the MCAT. Please understand that content review—no matter how thorough—is not sufficient preparation for the MCAT! The MCAT tests not only your science knowledge but also your critical reading, reasoning, and problem-solving skills. Do not assume that simply memorizing the contents of this book will earn you high scores on Test Day; to maximize your scores, you must also improve your reading and test-taking skills through MCAT-style questions and practice tests.

Table of Contents

The Kaplan MCAT Review Team

Getting Started Checklist

Preface

About Scientific American

About the MCAT

How This Book Was Created

Using This Book

Studying for the MCAT

Chapter 1: Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

High-Yield 1.1 Amino Acids Found in Proteins

1.2 Acid–Base Chemistry of Amino Acids

High-Yield 1.3 Peptide Bond Formation and Hydrolysis

High-Yield 1.4 Primary and Secondary Protein Structure

High-Yield 1.5 Tertiary and Quaternary Protein Structure

1.6 Denaturation

Chapter 2: Enzymes

High-Yield 2.1 Enzymes as Biological Catalysts

High-Yield 2.2 Mechanisms of Enzyme Activity

High-Yield 2.3 Enzyme Kinetics

High-Yield 2.4 Effects of Local Conditions on Enzyme Activity

High-Yield 2.5 Regulation of Enzyme Activity

Chapter 3: Nonenzymatic Protein Function and Protein Analysis

3.1 Cellular Functions

3.2 Biosignaling

High-Yield 3.3 Protein Isolation

3.4 Protein Analysis

Chapter 4: Carbohydrate Structure and Function

High-Yield 4.1 Carbohydrate Classification

4.2 Cyclic Sugar Molecules

4.3 Monosaccharides

4.4 Complex Carbohydrates

Chapter 5: Lipid Structure and Function

5.1 Structural Lipids

5.2 Signaling Lipids

5.3 Energy Storage

Chapter 6: DNA and Biotechnology

High-Yield 6.1 DNA Structure

6.2 Eukaryotic Chromosome Organization

6.3 DNA Replication

6.4 DNA Repair

High-Yield 6.5 Recombinant DNA and Biotechnology

Chapter 7: RNA and The Genetic Code

High-Yield 7.1 The Genetic Code

High-Yield 7.2 Transcription

High-Yield 7.3 Translation

High-Yield 7.4 Control of Gene Expression in Prokaryotes

High-Yield 7.5 Control of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes

Chapter 8: Biological Membranes

8.1 Fluid Mosaic Model

High-Yield 8.2 Membrane Components

High-Yield 8.3 Membrane Transport

8.4 Specialized Membranes

Chapter 9: Carbohydrate Metabolism I: Glycolysis, Glycogen, Gluconeogenesis, and The Pentose Phosphate Pathway

9.1 Glucose Transport

High-Yield 9.2 Glycolysis

9.3 Other Monosaccharides

9.4 Pyruvate Dehydrogenase

9.5 Glycogenesis and Glycogenolysis

9.6 Gluconeogenesis

9.7 The Pentose Phosphate Pathway

Chapter 10: Carbohydrate Metabolism II: Aerobic Respiration

10.1 Acetyl-CoA

High-Yield 10.2 Reactions of the Citric Acid Cycle

High-Yield 10.3 The Electron Transport Chain

10.4 Oxidative Phosphorylation

Chapter 11: Lipid and Amino Acid Metabolism

11.1 Lipid Digestion and Absorption

11.2 Lipid Mobilization

11.3 Lipid Transport

11.4 Cholesterol Metabolism

11.5 Fatty Acids and Triacylglycerols

11.6 Ketone Bodies

11.7 Protein Catabolism

Chapter 12: Bioenergetics and Regulation of Metabolism

High-Yield 12.1 Thermodynamics and Bioenergetics

High-Yield 12.2 The Role of ATP

High-Yield 12.3 Biological Oxidation and Reduction

12.4 Metabolic States

12.5 Hormonal Regulation of Metabolism

12.6 Tissue-Specific Metabolism

12.7 Integrative Metabolism

Glossary

Index

Art Credits


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