MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review 2023-2024: Online + Book
Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review, and the other six books in the Kaplan MCAT Review series, bring the Kaplan classroom experience to you—right in your home, at your convenience. This book offers the same Kaplan content review, strategies, and practice that make Kaplan the #1 choice for MCAT prep.
This book is designed to help you review the behavioral sciences topics covered on the MCAT. Please understand that content review—no matter how thorough—is not sufficient preparation for the MCAT! The MCAT tests not only your science knowledge but also your critical reading, reasoning, and problem-solving skills. Do not assume that simply memorizing the contents of this book will earn you high scores on Test Day; to maximize your scores, you must also improve your reading and test-taking skills through MCAT-style questions and practice tests.
At the beginning of each section, you’ll find a short list of objectives describing the skills covered within that section. Learning objectives for these texts were developed in conjunction with Kaplan’s learning science team, and have been designed specifically to focus your attention on tasks and concepts that are likely to show up on your MCAT. These learning objectives will function as a means to guide your study, and indicate what information and relationships you should be focused on within each section. Before starting each section, read these learning objectives carefully. They will not only allow you to assess your existing familiarity with the content, but also provide a goal-oriented focus for your studying experience of the section.
MCAT Concept Checks
At the end of each section, you’ll find a few open-ended questions that you can use to assess your mastery of the material. These MCAT Concept Checks were introduced after numerous conversations with Kaplan’s learning science team. Research has demonstrated repeatedly that introspection and self-analysis improve mastery, retention, and recall of material. Complete these MCAT Concept Checks to ensure that you’ve got the key points from each section before moving on!
Science Mastery Assessments
At the beginning of each chapter, you’ll find 15 MCAT-style practice questions. These are designed to help you assess your understanding of the chapter before you begin reading the chapter. Using the guidance provided with the assessment, you can determine the best way to review each chapter based on your personal strengths and weaknesses. Most of the questions in the Science Mastery Assessments focus on the first of the Scientific Inquiry and Reasoning Skills (Knowledge of Scientific Concepts and Principles), although there are occasional questions that fall into the second or fourth SIRS (Scientific Reasoning and Problem-Solving and Data-Based and Statistical Reasoning, respectively). In addition, in your online resources you’ll find a test-like passage set covering the same content you just studied to ensure you can also apply your knowledge the way the MCAT will expect you to!
Guided Examples with Expert Thinking
Embedded in each chapter of this book is a Guided Example with Expert Thinking. Each of these guided examples will be located in the same section as the content used in that example. Each example will feature an MCAT-level scientific article, that simulates an MCAT experiment passage. Read through the passage as you would on the real MCAT, referring to the Expert Thinking material to the right of the passage to clarify the key information you should be gathering from each paragraph. Read and attempt to answer the associated question once you have worked through the passage. There is a full explanation, including the correct answer, following the given question. These passages and questions are designed to help build your critical thinking, experimental reasoning, and data interpretation skills as preparation for the challenges you will face on the MCAT.
The following is a guide to the five types of sidebars you’ll find in Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review:
- Bridge: These sidebars create connections between science topics that appear in multiple chapters throughout the Kaplan MCAT Review series.
- Key Concept: These sidebars draw attention to the most important takeaways in a given topic, and they sometimes offer synopses or overviews of complex information. If you understand nothing else, make sure you grasp the Key Concepts for any given subject.
- MCAT Expertise: These sidebars point out how information may be tested on the MCAT or offer key strategy points and test-taking tips that you should apply on Test Day.
- Mnemonic: These sidebars present memory devices to help recall certain facts.
- Real World: These sidebars illustrate how a concept in the text relates to the practice of medicine or the world at large. While this is not information you need to know for Test Day, many of the topics in Real World sidebars are excellent examples of how a concept may appear in a passage or discrete (stand-alone) question on the MCAT.
What This Book Covers
The information presented in the Kaplan MCAT Review series covers everything listed on the official MCAT content lists. Every topic in these lists is covered in the same level of detail as is common to the undergraduate and postbaccalaureate classes that are considered prerequisites for the MCAT. Note that your premedical classes may include topics not discussed in these books, or they may go into more depth than these books do. Additional exposure to science content is never a bad thing, but all of the content knowledge you are expected to have walking in on Test Day is covered in these books.
Chapter profiles, on the first page of each chapter, represent a holistic look at the content within the chapter, and will include a pie chart as well as text information. The pie chart analysis is based directly on data released by the AAMC, and will give a rough estimate of the importance of the chapter in relation to the book as a whole. Further, the text portion of the Chapter Profiles includes which AAMC content categories are covered within the chapter. These are referenced directly from the AAMC MCAT exam content listing, available on the testmaker’s website.
You’ll also see new High-Yield badges scattered throughout the sections of this book:
In This Chapter
1.1Amino Acids Found in Proteins HY
A Note on Terminology
Stereochemistry of Amino Acids
Structures of the Amino Acids
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Amino Acids
Amino Acid Abbreviations
1.2Acid Base Chemistry of Amino Acids
Protonation and Deprotonation
Titration of Amino Acids
1.3Peptide Bond Formation and Hydrolysis HY
Peptide Bond Formation
Peptide Bond Hydrolysis
1.4Primary and Secondary Protein Structure HY
1.5Tertiary and Quaternary Protein Structure HY
Folding and the Solvation Layer
Table of Contents
The Kaplan MCAT Review Team Go Online
Getting Started Checklist
About Scientific American
About the MCAT
How This Book Was Created
Using This Book
Studying for the MCAT
Chapter 1: Biology and Behavior
1.1 A Brief History of Neuropsychology
High-Yield1.2 Organization of the Human Nervous System
High-Yield1.3 Organization of the Brain
1.4 Parts of the Forebrain
High-Yield1.5 Influences on Behavior
Chapter 2: Sensation and Perception
2.1 Sensation vs. Perception
2.3 Hearing and Vestibular Sense
High-Yield2.4 Other Senses
High-Yield2.5 Object Recognition
Chapter 3: Learning and Memory
3.3 Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Chapter 4: Cognition, Consciousness, and Language
High-Yield4.2 Problem Solving and Decision Making
4.4 Consciousness-Altering Drugs
Chapter 5: Motivation, Emotion, and Stress
Chapter 6: Identity and Personality
High-Yield6.1 Self-Concept and Identity
High-Yield6.2 Formation of Identity
Chapter 7: Psychological Disorders
7.1 Understanding Psychological Disorders
High-Yield7.2 Types of Psychological Disorders
High-Yield7.3 Biological Basis of Nervous System Disorders
Chapter 8: Social Processes, Attitudes, and Behavior
High-Yield8.1 Group Psychology
High-Yield8.3 Attitudes and Behavior
Chapter 9: Social Interaction
High-Yield9.1 Elements of Social Interaction
High-Yield9.2 Self-Presentation and Interacting with Others
Chapter 10: Social Thinking
High-Yield10.1 Social Behavior
High-Yield10.2 Social Perception and Behavior
High-Yield10.3 Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination
Chapter 11: Social Structure and Demographics
High-Yield11.1 Sociology: Theories and Institutions
Chapter 12: Social Stratification
High-Yield12.1 Social Class
12.2 Epidemiology and Disparities
|September 6, 2022
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